Elections in Afghanistan
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Afghanistan (Pushtu: افغانستان / Afganistan - Dari: Afghanestan) is a country in Central-Asia. The capital is Kabul. The state religion is islam (sunni and shia). The official languages are Pushtu and Dari (or Farsi), other main languages are Hazaragi and Uzbek. The country is a state in transition after the liberation from the theocratic Taliban regime, divided in 32 provinces.

Freedom House rated the country on political rights with a 6 and on civil rights with a 6, both on a scale of 1 to 7 (in which 1 is the most free). Freedom House considers Afghanistan to be a not free country.
More info: CIA World Fact Book - Wikipedia - World Statesmen - Rulers - IPU Parline - Adam Carr - Political resources
Official name: Di Afganistan islami Dawlat/Dowlat-e Eslami-ye-Afghanestan (Islamic State of Afghanistan)

Political parties (including links) - A short history

Executive:
President: Hamid Karzai (2001/2002)
Since the collapse of the Taliban regime after the terrorist attacks at New York and Washington DC there is not yet a clear stabile government in Afghanistan. A Loya Jirgah (Grand Assembly) elected Karzai as president in 2002.

President: 9 october 2004 (76.9 %) %

Hamid Karzai55.4
Yonous Qanooni - National Movement of Afghanistan16.3
Haji Mohammad Mohaqiq11.6
Abdul Latif Pedram - National Congress Party of Afghanistan1.4
Massooda Jalal1.2
Syed Ishaq Gilani1.0
Source: Adam Carr

Parliament:
Since the capture of Kabul the Afghan parliament does not exist anymore. The name of this parliament was Shura-e Ahl-e Hal-a-Aqad (Council for Liberation and Concilation). According to IFES, due to the security concerns of voters, candidates and international groups, president Karzai announced that elections will be pushed back to september 2004. The decision was made after the United Nations concluded poor security was impeding voter registration, which is less than 15% of the target of 10.5 million people. Under the 2001 Bonn Agreement, Afghanistan is scheduled to hold presidential and parliamentary elections in june 2004 in order to replace the current transitional government led by Karzai.

Main political parties:
  • Hezb-e-Congra-e-Mili Afghanistan (National Congress Party of Afghanistan)
  • Hezb-i-Islami Afghanistan (Islamic Party of Afghanistan)
  • Hezb-e-Nuhzhat-e-Mili Afghanistan (National Movement of Afghanistan)
  • Jumbish-i-Milli Islami Afghanistan (National Islamic Movement of Afghanistan)
  • Other parties on the net:
  • Afghan Social Democratic Party
  • Communist Party of Afghanistan
  • Liberal Democratic Party of Afghanistan
  • Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan
  • Social Nationalist Afghan Party