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Australia is a country in Oceania. The capital is Canberra. The dominant religion is christianity (anglicanism, roman catholicism and other). The official language is English. Australia has a population of around 19,7 million on 7,617,930 kmĀ². The country is a federal parliamentary democratic state with the British queen as monarch, divided in 6 states and 2 territories. The overseas dependency of Norfolk has self government. The overseas dependencies of Christmas Island and Cocos (Keeling) Islands as well as the Ashmore and Cartier Islands and the Heard and McDonald Islands are administered as parts of the commonwealth.

Freedom House rated the country on political rights with a 1 and on civil rights with a 1, both on a scale of 1 to 7 (in which 1 is the most free). Freedom House considers Australia to be a free country.
More info: CIA World Fact Book - Wikipedia - World Statesmen - Rulers - IPU Parline - Adam Carr - Political resources
Official name: Commonwealth of Australia

Political parties (including links) - A short history

Executive:
Queen: Elizabeth II (1952), represented by Governor-General Michael Jeffery (2003)
Prime minister: John Winston Howard (1996/2001) LP
The head of state is the British monarch. The monarch is represented by the governor-general. The governor-general is appointed by the monarch on the advice of the prime minister. Following the parliamentary elections, the leader of the majority party or coalition is usually appointed prime minister by the governor general while being asked to form a government. The government is formed by the LP and NP.

Parliament:
The Parliament of the Commonwealth of Australia has two chambers. The House of Representatives has 150 members, elected for a three year term in single-seat constituencies with a system of alternative vote
The Senate has 76 members, elected through a preferential system in 12-seat state constituencies and two-seat territorial constituencies with a system of single non-transferable vote. The territorial senators are elected for a three year term. The state senators are elected for a six year term, with half of the seats renewed every three years.

House of Representatives and Senate: 9 october 2004 (turnout: 77.1 %)
Preliminary results
% 150 % 76

LPA/NPA LPA/NPA 46.4 87 45.0 39
- Liberal Party of Australia LPA 40.4 74 17.8
- National Party of Australia NP 5.8 12 1.4
- Combined lists of LPA-NPA in New South Wales and Victoria - - 25.6
- Country Liberal Party-The Territory Party CLP 0.4 1 0.3
Australian Labor Party ALP 38.2 60 35.6 28
Australian Greens GREENS 7.0 - 7.5 4
Family First Party FF 2.0 - 1.8 1
Australian Democrats AD 1.2 - 2.1 4
One Nation ON 1.2 - 1.7 -
Christian Democratic Party (Fred Nile Group) CDP 0.6 - 1.2 -
non-partisans - 2.4 3 - -
Source: Australian Electoral Commission via Wikipedia

Main political parties:
  • Australian Democrats: social-liberal party
  • Australian Greens: ecologist party
  • Australian Labor Party: social-democratic party
  • Family First Party
  • Christian Democratic Party
  • Country Labor Party: New South Wales ALP affiliate
  • Liberal Party of Australia: conservative party
  • National Party of Australia: conservative party
  • Northern Territory Country Liberal Party: regional conservative party
  • Nuclear Disarmament Party
  • One Nation: nationalist/right-wing populist party
  • Tasmanian Independent Senator Brian Harradine Group
  • The Greens (WA)
  • Other parties on the net [Resource: Australian Politics/Yahoo Australia & NZ]:
  • ABC - Australians for a Better Community
  • Action Party
  • Advance Australia Party
  • Alliance fo Workers'Liberty
  • Australian Family Alliance
  • Australian Men's Party
  • Australian Progressive Alliance
  • Australian Reform Party
  • Australian Social Democratic Party
  • Australian Women's Party
  • Citizens' Electoral Council
  • Communist Party of Australia
  • Democratic Socialist Party
  • Free Trade Party
  • Hope Party
  • International Socialist Organisation
  • Liberal Democratic Party
  • Non-Custodial Parents Party
  • Progressive Labour Party
  • Republican Party of Australia
  • Science Technology And Research Party
  • Shooters Party
  • Socialist Alliance
  • Socialist Democracy
  • Socialist Equality Party
  • Socialist Party
  • Socialist Party of Australia
  • Unity Party