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Senegal (French: Sénégal - Wolof: Sounogal) is a country in West Africa. The capital is Dakar. The dominant religion is islam (sunni). The official language is French, the main other languages Wolof, Fulani, Serer-Sine and Mandinko. Senegal has a population of around 10,6 million on 192,000 km². The country is a presidential democratic republic, divided in 10 regions.

Freedom House rated the country on political rights with a 2 and on civil rights with a 3, both on a scale of 1 to 7 (in which 1 is the most free). Freedom House considers Senegal to be a free country.
More info: CIA World Fact Book - Wikipedia - World Statesmen - Rulers - IPU Parline - Adam Carr - Political resources
Official name: République du Sénégal (Republic of Senegal)

Political parties (including links) - A short history

Executive:
President: Abdoulaye Wade (2000) PDS
Prime minister: Macky Sall (2004) PDS
The president is elected for a seven year term by the people. The government is formed by the PDS, AFP, AJ, LD, PIT, RND, dissidents of URD and non-partisans.

President: 27 february and 19 march 2000 (62%) % %

Abdou Diouf - Parti Socialiste du Sénégal 41.3 41.5
Abdoulaye Wade - Parti Démocratique Sénégalais 30.1 58.5
Moustapha Niasse - Alliance des forces de progrès 16.8 -
Djibo Leyti Kâ - Union pour le renouveau démocratique 7.1 -
Iba Der Thiam - Convention des Démocrates et des Patriotes 1.2 -
Serigne Ousseynou Fall 1.1 -
Cheikh Abdoulaye Dieye 1.0 -
Mademba Sock 0.6 -
Source: Le Soleil and AFP. Convention des Démocrates et des Patriotes = Convention of Democrats and Patriots.

Parliament:
The Assemblée Nationale (National Assembly) has 120 members, elected for a five year term, in multi-seat constituencies.

Assemblée Nationale: 29 april 2001 (67.4 %) % 120

Coalition "Sopi" SOPI 49.6 89
- Parti Démocratique Sénégalais PDS
- Ligue Démocratique-Mouvement pour le Parti du Travial LD
- Others
Alliance des forces de progrès AFP 16.1 11
Parti Socialiste du Sénégal PSS 17.4 10
Union pour le renouveau démocratique URD 3.7 3
And-Jëf-Parti Africain pour la démocratie et le socialisme AJ 4.1 2
Parti libéral sénégalais PLS 0.9 1
Parti pour le progrès et la citoyenneté PPC 0.9 1
Alliance Jëf-Jël JJ 0.8 1
Rassemblement national démocratique RND 0.7 1
Parti de l'Indépendence et du Travail PIT 0.6 1
Source: Le Soleil

Main political parties:
Electoral alliance:
  • Coalition "Sopi" (Coalition Change)
    Parties:
  • Alliance des forces de progrès (Alliance of Progress Forces)
  • Alliance Jëf-Jël (Alliance Jëf-Jël): centrist party
  • And-Jëf-Parti Africain pour la démocratie et le socialisme (African Party for Democracy and Socialism): socialist party
  • Ligue Démocratique-Mouvement pour le Parti du Travial (Democratic League-Movement for the Labour Party): communist party
  • Parti de l'Indépendence et du Travail (Party of Independence and Work): communist party
  • Parti Démocratique Sénégalais (Senegalese Democratic Party): liberal party
  • Parti libéral sénégalais (Senegalese Liberal Party)
  • Parti pour le progrès et la citoyenneté (Party for Progress and Citizenship)
  • Parti Socialiste du Sénégal (Socialist Party of Senegal): social-democratic party
  • Rassemblement national démocratique (National Democratic Rally): extreme left party
  • Union pour le renouveau démocratique (Union for Democratic Renewal)
  • Other parties on the net: